O&P Library > Clinical Prosthetics & Orthotics > 1977, Vol 1, Num 1 > pp. 2 - 2

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Plastics in Lower-Limb Orthotics

Polypropylene has been in use for lower-limb orthoses in various parts of the U.S. and Canada for more than 5 years. Although polypropylene itself was introduced and used in orthotics slightly before vacuum forming was introduced most of the fabricators have used this technique in fabrication. Some AFO designs are being offered "off-the-shelf" in a series of sizes. Some suppliers stress that the purpose of these prefabricated units is to determine if the patient will benefit from a custom made device or devices.

A partial bibliography on the use of plastics in orthotics is included on this page.

We invite readers of the Newsletter to give us the benefit of their experiences with respect to both custom-made designs and off-the-shelf units by filling out the questionnaire on page 3 and returning it to AAOP, 1444 N Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20005. You are asked to be as complete as possible in the information you give so that meaningful conclusion can be obtained. If additional space is needed please use a blank piece of paper and attach it to the original.

Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3


  1. Artamonov, Alex, Vacuum forming of sheet plastics, ISPO Bulletin, No. 4, October 1972
  2. Casson, Jerry, Advanced designs of plastic lower-limb orthoses, Orth. and Pros. 26:3, September 1972
  3. Cohen, Samuel, and Warren Frisina, Polypropylene spiral ankle-foot orthosis, Orth. and Pros., 29:2, June 1975
  4. Demopoulos, James T. and Johne E. Eschen, Experience with plastic patellar-tendon-bearing orthoses, Orth, and Pros. 28:4, December 1974
  5. Dixon, Malcolm, and Robert Palumbo, Polypropylene knee orthosis with suprapatellar latex strap, Orth, and Pros., 29:3 September, 1975
  6. Engen, Thorkild J., The TIRR poly-propylene orthoses, Orth. and Pros. 26:4 December 1974
  7. Glancy, John and Richard E. Lindseth, "The polypropylene solid-ankle orthosis," Orth and Pros. 26:1, March 1972
  8. La Torre, Richard R., Michael Richards, and Sooklall Ramcharran, Ischial-thigh-knee-ankle orthosis, Orth, and Pros. 27:4, December 1973
  9. Lehneis, H. R., New concepts in lower-extremity orthotics, Med. Clin, of NA.A. 53:3:585-592, May 1969
  10. Lehneis, Hans Richard, Warren Frisina, Herbert W. Marx, and Tamara T. Sowell, Bioengineering design and development of lower-extremity orthotic devices, Bull. Pros. Res., BPR 10-20, Fall 1973
  11. Lehneis, Hans Richard, Plastic spiral ankle-foot orthoses, Orth, and Pros. 28:2, June 1974
  12. Marx, Herbert W., Lower-limb orthotic designs for the spastic hemiplegic patient, Orth, and Pros. 28:2, June 1974
  13. Rice, Edward, A new design for the drop-foot polypropylene orthosis, ISPO Bulletin No. 12, October 1974
  14. Rubin, Gustav, and Michael Danisi, A knee-stabilizing ankle-foot orthosis with adjustable spring-loaded ankle, Orth, and Pros. 29:3, September 1975
  15. Rubin, Gustav and Michael Danisi, A "slip" cuff for ankle-foot orthoses-a piston-action absorbing polypropylene orthotic cuff, Orth, and Pros. 28:1, March 1974
  16. Simons, Bernard C, Robert H. Jebsen, and Louis E. Wildman, Plastic short leg brace fabrication, Orth, and Pros. 21:3, September 1967
  17. Rubin, Gustav, and Robert L. Palumbo, A polypropylene knee-ankle orthosis, ISPO Bulletin No. 8, October 1973
  18. Sarno, J. E., and H. R. Lehneis, Prescription considerations for plastic below-knee orthoses, Arch. Phys. Med. and Rehab., 52:11:503-510, November 1971
  19. Stills, Melvin, Thermoformed ankle-foot orthoses, Orth, and Pros. 29:4, December 1975
  20. Stills, Melvin, Vacuum-formed orthoses for fracture of the tibia, Orth, and Pros., 30:2 June 1976
  21. Titus, Bert R., A patellar-tendon-bearing orthosis, Orth, and Pros. 29:1, March 1975
  22. Wilson, A. Bennett, Jr., Vacuum forming of plastics in prosthetics and orthotics, Orth. and Pros. 28:1, March 1974

O&P Library > Clinical Prosthetics & Orthotics > 1977, Vol 1, Num 1 > pp. 2 - 2

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